Waiting for (Kali) Yugbda 52 (Starting 5200 Years ago),
By Chandrashekhar P. Bhishikar

ORGANISER, Vol. L, No. 34, NEW DELHI, MARCH 21, 1999

Even as the year 1998 was coming to an end everyone, young and old, was
time and again, conscious that soon the year 2000 will be out and the
world will arrive on the threshold of the 21st century. Of course all
these calculations refer to the Gregorian calendar, that is, an almanac
beginning after the death of Jesus Christ, which is currently accepted all
over the world and India too is used to use the same. Among the several
other horologues the two which are mainly followed in Bhrata (India) are
the Vikram Samvat and the livhan aka. All the day to day transactions
however depend upon the "Christian" almanac.

Actually ours is a fairly ancient nation with a highly advanced
civilization. A number of sciences evolved in this land. Surely the
Bhratya mind must be inquisitive and wanting to know how our forefathers
of a bygone era measured time and where precisely we stand today according
to their system of horology. Eyebrows are raised when anyone observes that
we are about to enter the 52nd century. Most people are like to be
mystified by this 52nd century.

Beginning of the Age of Kali

One therefore needs to clarify that the coming of 52nd century belongs to
the current Age of Kali. All Bhratya (Indians) are aware that we are
living in the Age of Kali, because the significance of this age is hardly
missed by anybody, thanks to the mythical stories from the Puras,
religious recitations and discourses and the writings of the Santa. On
receiving news of an untoward event, even an otherwise ignorant matron
reacts with an observation to the effect that it is the Age of Kali. Let
us leave aside the talk of evil tendencies attributed to Kali Yuga (Age);
it is a historical fact based on science that as per the Hindu horology
this is the Age of Kali and we are living in its 51st century.
It means the Age of Kali began 5100 years ago when Dvpara Yuga (Age),
came to a close. As a further elaboration we might say that after the war
between the Kauravas and the Pndavas, involving the entire nation
Dvpara, came to an end and Kali Yuga started. Since Yudhishthira was then
the reigning emperor Kali Yuga is also identified as Yudhishthira aka.
But a likely doubt is about the basis on which the division into the ages
has been conceived. Dvpara Yuga, had followed the Treta Yuga which was
preceded by the Yuga of Truth. Let us acquaint ourselves with this concept
has Yugas.

The VAIDIKA (follower of VedHindu) concept of Yugas

As a matter of fact Time has no beginning, no end. Yugas, centuries, years
are its units or periods, apportioned for our convenience depending upon
planets, constellations, change in Nature, human peculiarities, etc. When
we talk of the end of the 51st century of the Yuga of Kali, how may more
years remain before this Yuga comes to end? This is an obvious expectancy.
Kali Yuga has a span of 4,32,000 years. So, let anyone calculate how many
more to follow. An interesting aspect is that as we go back from Kali Yuga
to the other Treta Yugas, and Sata Yuga the span of these Yugas grows
double, triple even quadruple. The Dvpara Yuga had 8,64,000 years; Treta
Yuga ran for 12,96,000 while the Sata (Truth) Yuga lasted 17,28,000 years.
When all the four Yugas are past it is said to be Mahyuga (the end of a
Yuga). So one can now calculate how many years it takes to make a
Mahyuga. By the way we may as well keep on record that the current Yuga
of Kali started on February 18,3102 B.C. when all the planets were in the
same house. And it was Chaitra ukla Pratipad. Bhagavna Ka left Mtyu
Loka (Earth) on this day at Prabha Paa near Somantha, Gujarta.
But to get a clear idea of Bhratya horology the measures of Yuga and
Mah would not suffice. There is a common expression Manvantara, which
means change of Manu which again is a bigger measure of Time. The basis
for this unit is that with every Manu the universe passes through the
three stages, namely, creation, preservation and destruction. And then the
cycle of universe starts afresh. As calculated by the seers of yore a Manu
has 32,25,80,000 human years. Thus the time taken by the solar system to
complete its single revolution is equal to one Manu. In all there are 14
Manus, the current, called Vaivaswata is the seventh. In the same way the
seers have also calculated the period of a kalpa, which come to 432 crore
years. The Vedic seers explain this measurement of time in the Atharva
Veda. The measure of the Brahm's (Creator's) day and night are still
bigger. The Creator's life span is a 100 years. These figures are
literally mind-boggling. How many human years will make the creator's
100-year life span? It is 31,10,40,00,00,00,000 years.

I explain all the calculations to impress upon you the fantastic range of
our hoary ancestors who could take into account the minutest unit of Time
and also conceive of astronomically huge units also. We are conversant
with the hours, minutes and seconds. Ancient Bhratya have conceptualized
the minutest unit of time which they called Truti which is 1/33,750 of a
second. What imaginationto traverse from Truti to Mahkalpa.

Nomenclature of days

The days of the week also deserve to be studied. From Ravivsare (Sunday)
to anivsare (Saturday) the sequence of the seven days is fixed. What is
the basis for this sequence? The reason is that only seven of the planets
and satellites of the solar system affect the Earth's atmosphere, and
their names are added to the seven days of the week. Assuming the Earth as
the focal point they ascertained the sequence of the planets and
accordingly named the days. The name of the first planet of the day was
assigned to the day. It is a matter of pride that the order of the week's
days as decided by the Bhratya seers is accepted all over the world.
Suffice it to say that the names of the months too have been decided
according to the position of the sun, the moon and the constellations.

Meaningful concept

Having correctly appreciated the measurement of time, briefly described
above, it would be useful to ascertain where exactly we stand today in the
ageless stream of Time. This is the seventh, that is the Vaivasvata Manu.
Out of the latter's 28 Super Yugas the current one is the Yuga of Kali. As
mentioned earlier 51 centuries of this Yuga about to be completed and
shortly we enter the 52nd century. All this is included in the pledge we
announce in our religious rituals. The pledge recited at special religious
occasions begins as follows :

(At present we are passing to the vetavaraha kalpa, that is, the first
day of the Creator's second parardha. Twenty-seven Super Yugas of this
Manu have elapsed and of the Yuga of Kali belonging to the 28th Super Yuga
5099 years have elapsed.) It should be noted here that in their
measurement of time Bhratya have accepted one more convenient time unit
called Samvatsara which is equal to 60 years. In Samvatsara cycle of the
Yuga of Kali right now we are in the 85th samvatsara. Correspondingly
according to the Gregorian calendar it began in 1939 and will end in 1999.

Observe the system in practice

This endeavour to point out in brief some of the salient features the
Hindus system of measuring time was to bring to everybody's notice what a
tremendous leap the erudite seers could take, how high they could soar
right from Santa Kanada followed by Brahmagupta and ryabhaa. It is also
hoped that readers may be encouraged to observe to some extent this sytem
in practice. We should at least get used to mentioning the Yugabda in our
correspondence, diaries, etc. It is the world's oldest system of measuring
time, which covers the entire universe. We have every right to take pride
in it and express the same in our dealings.

There is another purpose. Bhrata's true history and its antiquity were
deliberately ignored and consigned to oblivion by the alien rulers. It is
necessary that the false historical accounts that the Britishers made the
English-'educated' swallow is exposed to the citizen of Independent
Bhrata. It is essential that we undertake to rewrite history as it truely
happend. The Akhil Bharatiya Itihas Samkalan Yojana and its affiliated
State Committees are for their part trying to bring to light the means
with which the history of the 5100 years of the Yuga of Kali can be
correctly compiled and offered for study.

Welcome with fervour

To make the advent of Yugabda 52 a worthwhile event, it is necessary that
people on a wider scale are made aware that not only Bhrata, but the
whole world is entering the 52nd century of the Yuga of Kali. Let the
Gregorian/Christian era enter its 21st century; we Bhratya should
however welcome the 52nd century with great gusto. With this in view we
must accelerate our publicity and propaganda. In order to acquaint the
people with the Yuga of Kali we undertake a planned effort to make use of
all the medianewspapers, television, booklets, public meetings,
conferences, gatherings and the like. Lectures by experts and other
knowledgeable people should be arranged wherever possible, One expects
that Bhratya would enthusiastically come forward on Thursday, March 18,
1999 (Varsha Pratipad) to proclaim the advent of the New Vaidika Century
in every town and village through rallies and processions, ringing of
bells and other means of drawing public attention. Prior to the big day we
can have various competitions for students and citizensboth men and
women, relating to the event. It should prove useful to build up the right
atmosphere if we could obtain the blessings from the wise and learned by
arranging their felicitations well in advance. The practice of sending New
Year greeting cards on the occasion of the Christian new year has become
quite common. It should nurture the spirit of nationalism if the people,
specially the student community underlook on a large scale the exchange of
greeting cards on the occasion. Let us all strive to the utmost that this
important stage in the Vaidika measurement of time is recognized at the
levels with great feeling and enthusiasm.